Our country’s environment is protected by special laws set up by the federal and state governments. These land use laws and zoning requirements regulate how real estate is used and developed. Each state has municipalities that look after how property is used within their boundaries. These municipalities deal with all sorts of legal issues, including easements and eminent domain. An easement lets a non-owner of a property use the land. Eminent domain is when the government uses its right to buy private property for public use.These laws and regulations are set up to protect the health, safety and well-being of the public. They basically regulate how land is used and focus on preventing overcrowding and incompatibility as it affects the environment. They also are aimed at looking at not only the transit requirements within an area, but also at providing a safe environment for pedestrians. Land use laws and zoning regulations are used by local governments to watch over how their communities are developed and maintained. Their main purpose is to protect neighborhoods by regulating businesses and industry and by managing traffic flowing through these neighborhoods. These laws oversee and control construction within local boundaries. Zoning regulations include how high a building can be built and how massive it can be. Regulations also include such things as density, signage and parking allowances.Zoning restrictions can sometimes be avoided. To do this, a property owner must apply for a variance that will allow him to do something to his property that is against a zoning regulation. This variance lets a property owner avoid certain zoning laws but generally the owner must appear at a public hearing or at least meet with the planning commission. The owner must prove that the variance will allow him to avoid a hardship that would result from a zoning code. The owner must also give proof that the variance he is asking for won’t adversely affect neighboring properties.Land use laws and zoning requirements often receive criticism because they seem to violate civil rights. People who own their land often think that they have the right to do whatever they choose with their property. Others feel that the economic efficiency of a given property is hindered somewhat by stringent zoning restrictions. However, advocates of these regulations see it differently. They feel that by placing certain restrictions on some land parcels, there is an overall benefit to the surrounding properties because their value is increased.
When you need someone to speak for you during a medical crisis, you have the right to choose a healthcare advocate or healthcare proxy. In choosing a proxy, there are many things to think about.You want to choose someone that will have your best interests at heart. Choose someone that will speak for you the way that you would speak for yourself if you could and that will have the same characteristics as you when it comes to healthcare decisions. Usually, there is only one healthcare proxy at a time, but a backup person is always useful.The following are some characteristics that you should look for when choosing a healthcare proxy.• It is important to choose someone that you trust with your life. During a medical crisis, this person may very well hold your life in their hands. If you know they have your best interests, they would be a good candidate for a healthcare proxy.• Choose someone that will be available to you into the future. You want a proxy that will be available to you now and for the foreseeable future. You never know when a healthcare crisis will arise, so you want someone that will be in your life for a long time.• Can you talk to this person about highly sensitive issues? You want someone as a proxy that you can talk to about very personal issues. They should listen, and agree with your wishes and do everything in their power to make sure that your wishes are fulfilled.• Can your advocate yet feisty when needed? It is optimal to choose someone that can stand up to doctors were other healthcare providers when they go against your wishes. Your proxy’s job is to make sure that they speak up for you when you cannot speak for yourself. Make sure that the person you choose has the personality to do so.• Can your proxy get to you when needed? Make sure that you choose someone that lives near you or could travel to get to you if needed. If they cannot do that, they at least need to be available by phone for anything that may come up with your condition.• Is your proxy over 18? By law, they must be.• Your proxy cannot be any of your healthcare providers or employees of your healthcare providers.You should talk thoroughly with your proxy about your wishes, hopes and fears. Tell them exactly what authority you are giving them over your healthcare decisions. Be extremely clear about what you expect from them, and make sure they know that they will be on record with all of your healthcare providers. Good luck!